The politics of India works within the framework of the country’s constitution. India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic in which the President of India is the head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government.
Q.Which is the smallest Parliamentary Constituency in terms of area?
Ans: Chandni Chowk (Delhi)
⇒ In the heart of Old Delhi, Chandni Chowk is a busy shopping area with markets full of spices, dried fruit, silver jewelry and vivid saris, while the narrow side streets are crowded with tiny shops selling essential oils, stationery and traditional Indian sweets. Nearby, the vast Mughal-era Red Fort now houses a museum complex, and the 17th-century Jama Masjid is a huge red-sandstone mosque with towering minarets.
Q. Which states of India records the highest sex-ratio?
⇒ Sex ratio is used to describe the number of females per 1000 of males. In India, it is especially significant because the ratio is skewed towards men. In 2011-2013, it was revealed through a population census with the Sample Registration System (SRS) that the sex ratio of India was 909 females per 1000 of males.
Q. The first Lok Adalat was held in the year:
⇒ The first lok adalat was held in Gujrat in 1982. Lok Adalat (People’s Court) is one of the Alternative dispute resolution mechanism in India, it is a forum where cases pending on panchayat or at pre litigation stage in a court of law are settled. They have been given statutory status under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987. Under this Act, the award (decision) made by the Lok Adalats is deemed to be a case of a civil court and is final and binding on all parties and no appeal against such an award lies before any court of law.
Q. The first General Secretary of the Indian National Congress was:
Ans: A.O. Hume
⇒ Allan Octavian Hume, was a British member of the Imperial Civil Service (later the Indian Civil Service), a political reformer, ornithologist and botanist who worked in British India. He was one of the founders of the Indian National Congress. A notable ornithologist, Hume has been called “the Father of Indian Ornithology” and, by those who found him dogmatic, “the Pope of Indian ornithology”.
Q. Who was the first Muslim President of the Indian National Congress?
Ans: Badruddin Tyabji
⇒ Badruddin Tyabji was an Indian lawyer, activist and politician during British Raj. Tyabji was the first Indian to practice as a barrister of the High Court of Bombay who served as the third President of the Indian National Congress.
Q. Which Indian state has become the first state to fix a minimum educational qualification for contesting elections to the Panchayati Raj Institutions?
⇒ The Rajasthan State Assembly passed a Bill, fixing the minimum educational qualification for elections to the Panchayati Raj institutions besides laying down other conditions including making it mandatory for the candidates to have functional toilets.
Q. The state which has the largest number of seats reserved for the Scheduled Tribes in the Lok Sabha is:
Ans: Madhya Pradesh
⇒ Madhya Pradesh has the largest number of 06 seats reserved for the Scheduled Tribes in the Lok Sabha. Under the Delimitation Act of 2002, the Delimitation Commission of India has redefined the list of parliamentary constituencies, their constituent assembly segments and reservation status (whether reserved for Scheduled castes (SC) candidates or Scheduled tribes (ST) candidates or unreserved). 2008 Karnataka Legislative Assembly election, which took place in May 2008, was the first state election to use newly demarcated assembly constituencies.
Q. Who was the last Governor-General of India?
Ans: C. Rajagopalachar
⇒ India Independent Act was passed on July 4, 1947 by British parliament. As per the Act India became independent on August 15, 1947. He was succeeded by C. Rajagopalachari, who was the last Governor General of free India.
Q. Which state has the largest numbers of Buddhists population in India ?
⇒ Buddhism is an Indian, transtheistic religion and philosophy. Around 8.5 million Buddhists live in India, about 0.7% of the total population. Buddhism as a religion is practised mainly in the foothills of the Himalayas and is a significant religion in Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Ladakh, Darjeeling in West Bengal and the Lahaul and Spiti districts of Himachal Pradesh. Besides, a significant number of Buddhists reside in Maharashtra.