Indian Geography” plays an important role for different competitive exams. All you need to know to learn about the Geography of India. Complete with facts on India. India lies on the Indian Plate, the northern part of the Indo-Australian Plate, whose continental crust forms the Indian subcontinent. The country is situated north of the equator between 8°4′ north to 37°6′ north latitude and 68°7′ to 97°25′ east longitude. It is the seventh-largest country in the world, with a total area of 3,287,263 square kilometres.
Q.The ‘Gir’ Forest is noted for its:
Ans: Lion sanctuary
⇒ Besides Africa, Gir National Park in Gujarat is the only place in the world where you can spot lions roaming free in the wild. The real discovery channel of India is situated approximately 65 Kms South East of Junagarh District. The Government notified the large geographical extent of Sasan Gir as wildlife sanctuary on 18th September, 1965 in order to conserve the Asiatic Lion. It covers total area of 1412 square kilometers of which 258 Km forms the core area of the National Park.
Q. The science of map-making is:
⇒ Cartography is the study and practice of making maps. Combining science, aesthetics, and technique, cartography builds on the premise that reality can be modeled in ways that communicate spatial information effectively. Modern cartography constitutes many theoretical and practical foundations of geographic information systems.
Q. Which is the only district in India which borders with four states?
Ans: Sonbhadra (UP)
⇒ Sonbhadra or Sonebhadra is the second largest district by area of Uttar Pradesh, India. Sonbhadra is the only district in India which borders four states namely Madhya Pradesh in west, Chhattishgarh in south, Jharkhand in south east and Bihar in the northeast. The district has an area of 6788 km² and a population of 1,862,559 (2011 census), with a population density of 270 persons per km².
Q. Which is the highest peak in South India?
⇒ Doddabetta is the highest mountain in the Nilgiri Mountains at 2,637 metres (8,652 feet). The name derived from two Kannada words, Dodda means Big and betta means Hill, making it Doddabetta. There is a reserved forest area around the peak. It is 9 km from Ooty, on the Ooty-Kotagiri Road in the Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu, India. It is a popular tourist attraction with road access to the summit.
Q. Which state is the largest producer of rice in India?
Ans: West Bengal
⇒ India is one of the world’s largest producers of rice, including white rice and brown rice, grown mostly in the eastern and southern parts of the country. The Production increased from 53.6 million tons in FY 1980 to 74.6 million tons in year 1990, a 39 percent increase over the decade. By year 1992, rice production had reached 181.9 kg per person, second in the world only to China with its 182 kg.
Q. Which places in India the first bird-sanctuary was set up?
Ans: Vedanthangal (Tamil Nadu)
⇒ Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary is a 30-hectare (74-acre) protected area located in the Chengalpattu District and Madurantakam taluk of the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The sanctuary is about 75 kilometres (47 mi) from Chennai on National Highway 45. Easily reachable from Madurantakam and Chengalpattu. More than 40,000 birds (including 26 rare species), from various parts of the world visit the sanctuary during the migratory season every year.
Q. Which state is the largest producer of cotton in India?
⇒ Gujarat is the leading cotton producing state in India with a production of 125 Lakh Bales. Gujarat account for more than 31% of the total cotton production in the country and cotton is grown in more than 30 Lakh Hectares of land.The presence of Black Soil and an annual rainfall of 80-100 cm, makes Gujarat a favorable region for cotton production. Some of the major cotton-producing regions of Gujarat are Bharuch, Vadodara, Panchmahal, Mehsana, Ahmedabad, and Surendranagar.
Q. Which is the oldest mountain range in India?
Ans: Aravali range
⇒ The Aravali range is the oldest mountain range in India, running across Rajasthan to Haryana. The Aravalli range is the eroded stub of a range of ancient folded mountains. Aravalli Range is one of the most popular mountain ranges in India also known as mewat hills
Q. Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Udan Academy is located at:
Ans: Rae Bareily
⇒ Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Uran Akademi (IGRUA) is a pilot training institute located at Fursatganj Airfield (Raebareli), in Amethi district of Uttar Pradesh, India. Established in 1985, it was the first such institute in India. It is an autonomous institution and comes under the Ministry of Civil Aviation, Government of India. In August 2013 the Ministry of Civil Aviation announced that a National Aviation University would be established on the IGRUA site.
Q. Where is the Headquarter of Zoological Survey of India located?
⇒ The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), founded on 1 July 1916 by Government of India Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, as premier Indian organisation in zoological research and studies to promote the survey, exploration and research of the fauna in the country.