List of presidents of India

Political Science

The President of India,  is the ceremonial head of state of India and the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.

The president is indirectly elected by an electoral college comprising the Parliament of India (both houses) and the legislative assemblies of each of India’s states and territories, who themselves are all directly elected.Although the Article 53 of the Constitution of India states that the president can exercise his powers directly or by subordinate authority, with few exceptions, all of the executive powers vested in the president are, in practice, exercised by the prime minister (a subordinate authority) with the help of the Council of Ministers. The president is bound by the constitution to act on the advice of the prime minister and cabinet as long as the advice is not violating the constitution.

No. Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Term Party
1

Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Rajendra Prasad
(1884–1963)

26 January 1950 13 May 1952 12 years, 107 days Indian National Congress
13 May 1952 13 May 1957
13 May 1957 13 May 1962
2

Photograph of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan presented to First Lady Jacqueline Kennedy in 1962.jpg

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan
(1888–1975)

13 May 1962 13 May 1967 5 years, 0 days Independent
3
Zakir Hussain

Zakir HusainDied in office
(1897–1969

13 May 1967 3 May 1969 1 year, 355 days Independent  

Varahgiri Venkata Giri

Varahagiri Venkata Giri*Did not complete assigned term
(1894–1980

3 May 1969 20 July 1969 78 days

Justice M. Hidayatullah.jpg

Mohammad Hidayatullah*
(1905–1992

20 July 1969 24 August 1969 35 days
4

Varahgiri Venkata Giri

Varahagiri Venkata Giri
(1894–1980)

24 August 1969 24 August 1974 5 years, 0 days Independent
5

Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed 1977 stamp of India.jpg

Fakhruddin Ali AhmedDied in office
(1905–1977)

24 August 1974 11 February 1977 2 years, 171 days Indian National Congress
Basappa Danappa Jatti*
(1912–2002)
11 February 1977 25 July 1977 164 days
6

Neelam Sanjeevan Reddy

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
(1913–1996)

25 July 1977 25 July 1982 5 years, 0 days Janata Party
7

Giani Zail Singh 1995 stamp of India.jpg

Zail Singh
(1916–1994)

25 July 1982 25 July 1987 5 years, 0 days Indian National Congress
8

Ramaswamy Venkataraman

Ramaswamy Venkataraman
(1910–2009)

25 July 1987 25 July 1992 5 years, 0 days Indian National Congress
9

Shankar Dayal Sharma

Shankar Dayal Sharma
(1918–1999)

25 July 1992 25 July 1997 5 years, 0 days Indian National Congress
10

Kocheril Raman Narayanan

Kocheril Raman Narayanan
(1921–2005)

25 July 1997 25 July 2002 5 years, 0 days Independent
11

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam

Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
(1931–2015)

25 July 2002 25 July 2007 5 years, 0 days Independent
12

Pratibha Patil

Pratibha Patil
(1934–)

25 July 2007 25 July 2012 5 years, 0 days Indian National Congress
13

Pranab Mukherjee

Pranab Mukherjee
(1935–)

25 July 2012 25 July 2017 5 years, 0 days Indian National Congress
14

Ram Nath Kovind official portrait.jpg

Ram Nath Kovind
(1945–)

25 July 2017 Incumbent
(Term ends on 25 July 2022)
2 years, 287 days Bharatiya Janata Party
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List of presidents of India

The politics of India works within the framework of the country’s constitution. India is a federal parliamentary democratic republic in which the President of India is the head of state and the Prime Minister of India is the head of government. […]

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