Awards and Honours, sometimes called a distinction, is something given to a recipient as a token of recognition of excellence in a certain field. When the token is a medal, ribbon or other item designed for wearing, it is known as a decoration.
Q.Who received both Bharat Ratna and Nishan-e-Pakistan?
Ans: Morarji Desai
⇒ Morarji Ranchhodji Desai was an Indian independence activist and served between 1977 and 1979 as the 4th Prime Minister of India and led the government formed by the Janata Party. During his long career in politics, he held many important posts in government such as Chief Minister of Bombay State, Home Minister, Finance Minister and 2nd Deputy Prime Minister of India.
Q. First Education Minister who have been awarded with Bharat Ratna Award:
Ans: Abul Kalam Azad
⇒ Abul Kalam Azad was an Indian scholar, Islamic theologian, independence activist, and a senior leader of the Indian National Congress during the Indian independence movement. Following India’s independence, he became the First Minister of Education in the Indian government Minister of Human Resource Development (until 25 September 1958, Ministry of Education)
Q. Who has instituted the “Moortidevi Sahitya Puraskar” ?
Ans: Bharatiya Jnanapeeth Trust
⇒ Bharatiya Jnanpith a literary and research organization, based in New Delhi, India, was founded on February 18, 1944 by Sahu Shanti Prasad Jain of the Sahu Jain family and his wife Rama Jain to undertake systematic research and publication of Sanskrit, Prakrit, Pali and Apabhramsha texts and covering subjects like religion, philosophy, logic, ethics, grammar, astrology, poetics, etc.
Q. Who eminent Indian journalists was conferred the Magsaysay Award ?
Ans: Arun Shourie
⇒ Arun Shourie is an Indian economist, journalist, author and politician. He has worked as an economist with the World Bank, a consultant to the Planning Commission of India, editor of the Indian Express and The Times of India and a Minister of Communications and Information Technology in the Vajpayee Ministry. He was awarded the Ramon Magsaysay Award in 1982 and the Padma Bhushan in 1990.
Q. Biologist of Indian origin who received the Nobel Prize was:
Ans: Har Govind Khorana
⇒ Har Gobind Khorana was an Indian-American biochemist. While on the faculty of the University of Wisconsin–Madison, he shared the 1968 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with Marshall W. Nirenberg and Robert W. Holley for research that showed the order of nucleotides in nucleic acids, which carry the genetic code of the cell and control the cell’s synthesis of proteins. Khorana and Nirenberg were also awarded the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize from Columbia University in the same year.
Q. Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, the former Indian President, received the prestigious Bharat Ratna award in the year:
⇒ Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was an aerospace scientist who served as the 11th President of India from 2002 to 2007. He was born and raised in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu and studied physics and aerospace engineering. He spent the next four decades as a scientist and science administrator, mainly at the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and was intimately involved in India’s civilian space programme and military missile development efforts. He was a recipient of several prestigious awards, including the Bharat Ratna, India’s highest civilian honour.
Q. Kalinga Prize is given in which of the following fields?
⇒ The Kalinga Prize for the Popularization of Science is an award given by UNESCO for exceptional skill in presenting scientific ideas to lay people. It was created in 1952, following a donation from Biju Patnaik, Founder President of the Kalinga Foundation Trust in India.
Q. Who was the First Indian Nobel Prize winner?
Ans: Rabindranath Tagore
⇒ Rabindranath Tagore also known by his pen name Bhanu Singha Thakur (Bhonita), and also known by his sobriquets Gurudev, Kabiguru, and Biswakabi, was a polymath, poet, musician, artist and ayurveda-researcher from the Indian subcontinent. He reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Author of the “profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse” of Gitanjali, he became in 1913 the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Q. Who won the Nobel Prize in Science in two different disciplines?
Ans: Marie Curie
⇒ Marie Skłodowska Curie was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and the only woman to win the Nobel Prize twice, and the only person to win the Nobel Prize in two different scientific fields. She was part of the Curie family legacy of five Nobel Prizes.
Q. The Chiefs of Army Staff had been awarded the ‘Mahavir Chakra’ twice?
Ans: General Arunkumar Shridhar Vaidya, PV, PVSM, MVC(Bar), AVSM
⇒ General Arunkumar Shridhar Vaidya, PV, PVSM, MVC(Bar), AVSM was the 13th Chief of Army Staff (COAS) of the Indian Army. Vaidya received an emergency commission in the Armoured Corps on 20 October 1945, with the service number IEC-11597, and received a regular army commission as a lieutenant on 7 May 1947 (seniority from 20 April 1947), a few months before India’s independence.